Women may not care much about the ovaries in the body (unless you are trying to be pregnant). But even if you do not think about them often, this walnut-sized part really plays a big part in your daily life.
1. The ovaries produce large amounts of hormones
The ovaries secrete estrogen and progesterone. Two hormones play an important role in the development of pubescent women (breast development, cycles, hips). Estrogens and progesterone are also essential hormones for the uterus to conceive if lacking which can cause problems during pregnancy.
In addition, the testicles also produce testosterone supply to the body (although the amount is smaller than estrogen). Testosterone works to promote sexual desire.
2. Ovaries are resized
Unlike many other parts of the body, the ovaries do not have a fixed size. It changes a lot throughout the life cycle of a woman. It usually have a normal length of 3-5 cm. Every month during ovulation and the menstrual cycle, the ovary size becomes larger and larger.
” Along with ovulation and the ability to form small cysts attached, the ovaries may increase in size a little. But that is only temporary. ” Alyssa Dweck, MD, a clinical assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Mount Sinai School of Medicine. These small changes will stop during menopause when your ovaries are over, it will shrink.
3. Stress also affects
This is sure. The body under pressure from major life spells (eg college entrance) or physical changes (eg severe weight loss) can lead to stopping the ovaries. “It’s a natural way to prevent pregnancy during stressful times,” Dweck says.
4. Ovaries can cause acne
Because the ovaries play an important role in the hormonal balance, it can also cause the body to have a hormone problem. “In certain cases like polycystic ovary syndrome, the balance of estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone is altered.
The symptoms of the excess of testosterone are acne, hair growth in typical male positions, and weight changes. ” The solution is to find your doctor to get prescribed medication to help control that condition.
5. Birth control pills also have a positive effect on the ovaries
Contraceptives, especially those containing estrogen and progesterone, can reduce the risk of ovarian cancer after only a few months of use (according to the American Cancer Society).
These drugs even play an important role in reducing the risk of women with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations (a gene that has been identified as a risk factor for ovarian cancer). In many studies, birth control pills are extremely effective and can reduce their risk by as much as 50%. This is a safeguard, “Minkin said.