Who is prone to breast cancer?
Breast cancer risk factors commonly recognized by the medical community include genetic factors, changes in hormones in the body, mental and psychological factors brought about by over-stressed life, and history of previous breast diseases. Summarized as the following:
1. Women with breast cancer in their families (such as mothers and sisters): If breast cancer patients in the family are distant relatives (sisters or great-grandmothers), your chance of getting sick will be slightly higher than the average risk factor. If a close relative (mother, sister, daughter, even father, son, brother) has breast cancer, then your chance of getting sick is 2 times higher than that of the average person; if the immediate family is diagnosed with breast cancer before the age of 50 Then, you are more likely to develop the disease later; and if you have two or more close relatives with a history of breast cancer, then your chance of getting sick is three times that of the average person. the above. Not only that, women with a family history of ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, and breast cancer are generally more likely to develop cancer than other women from healthy families.
2. Menarche is earlier than 12 years old or menopausal age is greater than 55 years old.
3. Never give birth or have a late birth (after 35 years old).
4. Reduced breastfeeding time or artificial breastfeeding after childbirth. Other risk factors include breast lumps (early breast biopsy abnormalities); such as dysplasia (lobules or ducts), complex fibroadenomas, atypical hyperplasia, sclerosing adenosis; long-term use of estrogens: such as oral Contraceptives, hormone replacement therapy after menopause; and bad habits: such as smoking, alcoholism, and excessive weight.
Breast cancer treatment
Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that originates in the mammary epithelial tissue. One of the common malignant tumors in women. The cause is unknown. More common in women after the age of 40. The mass is hard, the surface is not smooth, and the boundary with the surrounding tissue is unclear, which is difficult to push in the nipple room.
Recommended: Diet during breast cancer
In the middle and late stage, local skin depression, edema, and orange peel-like changes, ulceration after ulceration, breast shrinkage, hardening, nipple elevation, axillary lymph node enlargement, or formation of distant metastasis. The tissue morphology can be divided into two categories: invasive cancer and non-invasive cancer. Conservative surgery and radiation therapy are feasible in early cases; radical surgery and postoperative radiotherapy and endocrine therapy should be used. The prognosis is good.
After the age of 20, the breast should be self-examined once a month. Use even force when checking, and it is better to touch the ribs with your fingers. If you find nodules or lumps, you need to go to the hospital for further examination. To develop a healthy lifestyle, doctors have found in clinical experience that the incidence of breast disease is related to many bad habits. Female friends should make their lifestyles healthier and prevent diseases. Eating seaweed and seaweed foods such as seaweed can prevent breast cancer.
The most basic treatment for breast cancer can be directly removed from the tumor, divided into radical surgery, breast-conserving surgery and palliative surgery.
2. Radiation therapy
It is mainly used for breast-conserving surgery. It is a local treatment method. It irradiates the tumor area with a certain dose of X-rays to kill tumor cells.
3. Endocrine therapy
For breast cancer patients who are positive for hormone receptor testing, the treatment regimen before and after menopause will vary.
An important systemic treatment that kills hidden microscopic lesions, prevents tumor cells from spreading through the bloodstream, and also reduces the primary lesions, creating conditions for surgery.
5. Molecular targeted therapy
Currently mainly targeted at HER-2 positive breast cancer patients.