Diet during breast cancer
Breast cancer is a complex disease with many contributing factors. Some of these factors, such as age, family history, genetics, and gender, cannot be controlled. During chemotherapy, a reasonable and safe and healthy diet is a prerequisite for the normal operation of chemoradiotherapy. During this period, cancer patients need to supplement the required nutrients to ensure the patient’s resistance.
So, how should cancer patients eat during chemotherapy?
Breast cancer can start in different places, grow in different ways, and require different kinds of treatment. Just as certain cancers respond better to certain treatments, certain cancers respond well to specific foods.
1. Provide high protein, high vitamin, low-fat food
According to the food that the patient likes, the patient is provided with high-protein, high-vitamin, low-fat foods, and encourages patients to eat more and eat more fruits.
High-protein foods can improve the body’s resistance and provide a material basis for the recovery of white blood cells to normal. It is advisable to choose eggs, lean meat, animal liver, kidney, milk, beans, and their products to make liquid or semi-liquid. More digestible and absorbed.
High vitamins can promote the growth and development of cells, contribute to the differentiation and proliferation of white blood cells, and promote normal recovery. Yeast noodles, cereals, peanuts, green fresh vegetables, fruits, juices, etc. should be selected to supplement vitamin C and B. Folic acid, etc., should not be too long in cooking to avoid loss of vitamins.
2. Should be light, less oil, easy to digest
During the course of chemotherapy, the patient may have a serious reaction due to the damage to the digestive tract. The initial manifestation is the loss of appetite, followed by nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
In order to ensure that patients get enough nutrition and improve their appetite, the diet should be light, oil-free and easy to digest, such as soft rice, porridge, bread, taro, steamed buns, fish, eggs, chicken, soup, potatoes, bananas, jams, etc.
A small amount of ginger can be seasoned in the dish to avoid unscented smells, weird protein foods, and other foods. Family members should learn to create a good dining atmosphere, mobilize the patient’s vision and smell to increase appetite, and patiently encourage patients to eat more.
3. Food recommendation
Eat more vegetables and fruits with high vitamin C, which can block the production of nitrosamines and nitrosamides and prevent cancer.
Foods high in calcium can prevent cancer, such as fish, soybeans, chlorophyll, and sesame. Foods that increase cancer resistance include carrots, tomatoes, red sweet potatoes, dark green vegetables, and garlic.
Lignin vegetables can promote the phagocytosis of cancer cells by macrophages, such as asparagus, leeks, taro, medlar, water chestnuts, and carrots. Tea has a good anti-cancer effect, especially green tea, which should promote green tea. Drink more yogurt, you can also use Chinese herbal medicine cassia, raw licorice Jianshui tea.
Recommend: The benefits of drinking green tea
Selenium supplementation is essential. Selenium is known as the “king of cancer”, which can improve the body’s immunity and eliminate harmful free radicals. The foods with more selenium are chicken, lean meat, mushrooms, pumpkin, broccoli, and wheat. Malt selenium has been praised by scientists as the best anti-cancer selenium supplement.
4. Dietary taboos
Do not eat fried foods during chemotherapy, eat high-intensity foods, and do not eat boned or punctured foods to avoid bleeding caused by damage to the gastric mucosa. Be careful to eat less seafood, spicy, deep-fried, smoked foods.
During vomiting, it is not advisable to rush to eat a lot, but the water should be added first.